Ayatullah Allamah
Haj Sayyid Murtadha Askari

An eminent Historian, traditionist, and one of the Seminary’s learned masters who is expert in so many researches and had compiled many other books in Imamate, wilaayat, and reasoning and traditional researches.

Allamah Askari was born in Samarrah on 18 Jumada al-Thaani in 1332 (1901). He began his primary school in Samarrah (Iraq), then he joined the seminary of that city. When he became 28 years old, he migrated to the holy city of Qom and began his study in sat-h stage on Usool and Fiqh, and benefited from the lectures of Ayatullah Mar`ashi Najafi and Ayatullah Shaykh Muhammad Husayn Shari`atmadari Sauooji. He also benefited from the late Ayatullah Uzma Imam Khomayni, Ayatullah Mirza Khalil Kamra’I, Ayatullah Haj Shaykh Mahdi Shaheed (Payeen Shahri) in the fields of theology and beliefs, tafseer, ethics, and purification of the carnal soul.
In the time when Hazrat Ayatullah Uzma Shaykh Abdul Kareem Ha’iri was the only marji`, Ayatullah Askari returned to Samarrah and continued his studies. He could benefited from Ayatullah Shaykh Habeebullah Ishtihardi. After that he studied the Kharij stage in Fiqh and Usool for six years.

Following his huge studying, Ayatullah Askari began to research in the field of biography, history, and itinerary. The result of these studies, especially having the writings of Ayatullah Mirza Shirazi regarding the issue of tobacco and the case of (Reji), was that he became acquainted with the beginnings of the cultural assault of the Western colonial forces against Islamic world. Ayatullah Askari might be the first Islamic thinker who recognized the reality of education method applied for the educationg centers in the Eastern countries, by the European counselors of that time. He made many significant researches in this field from which he got the reasons behind the Eastern countries’ backwardness. He could destroy the methods of education of that era with his studies.

- The first of his educational achievements is represented by holding classes beside the establishing of schools colored with modern methods of education and upbringing. This was the beginning of a greater project he was sparing in this field.

- The second cultural activity of Ayatullah Askari is the establishing of a center beside the modern schools and he used to graduate specialists in Islamic sciences in order to convey these sciences to the society. This is beside the bulletins which were issued regularly and whose goal was to elevate the teachers’ scientific level.

Ayatullah Askari began his trips and journeys to many Islamic countries, and met many eminent personalities like Ahmad Ameen (the author of the book titled: Completion in Islam). In 1363 A.H., both personalities decided to establish a special school in which the children are taught genuine teachings of Islam. One of the students of that school was Ayatullah martyr Sayyid Muhammad Baqir al-Sadr. When the project of Ayatullah Askari gave good results in its first stage, he decided to begin the second stage. For this reason, he could have the permission of establishing of a special place wherein Islamic sciences are taught. This step preceded the establishing of a university for teaching the principles of religion. After returning to his place of birth, Ayatullah Askari began to study reasoning fiqh. This lasted about two years, and when he felt that he has the ability to make researches on the history of Islamic thought, he started compiling books and essays concerning that.

He divided his researching program into many parts. These parts consisted the earlier stages of creation, the formation of religious mission based on the main core (i.e. the Islamic mission), and the Islamic historical eras to the end of the Abbasid dynasty.

The result of these studies was that Ayatullah Askari could achieve a point which no one before him could have achieved that. This achievement is represented by reaching a convincing proof regarding the reality of the traditions collected by Sayf Ibn Omar al-Tamimi and other personalities which resulted the compilation of the two forged books: (1) Abdullah Ibn Saba’, and (2) 150 companions.

This proof shocked the researchers and the public alike, and made them check again the subjects they inherited through centuries, and therefore, many thought schools which have been built by Tabari and many eminent historians were destroyed. Ayatullah Askari could prove that these matters which many were thinking they are indisputable facts and events, have not simple proof on their being real.

The first book of Ayatullah Askari in this field, titled "Abdullah Ibn Saba’" and the second book "With Dr al-Wardi" were published in 1954.

Ayatullah Askari continued his significant activities in various fields, especially in the social affairs, even after his return to Iran. Beside that, he established many schools and clinics.

His works:

- The Imams’ role in reviving Religion.

- The Holy Qur’an and the traditions of the Two Schools (Introductory Researches).

- The Hadiths of Ummul Mu’mineen Ayisha - some aspects of her biography - vol.I.

- Some of the Holy Prophet’s sunnahs: Mourning the Dead.

- Celebrating the anniversary of the Prophets and the Elite Servants of Allah.

- Some of the Holy Prophet’s sunnahs: Sending greetings to Muhammad (s.w.) and his Progeny.

- The Equity of the Companions.

- The Ayah of Purification.

- A part of the Holy Prophet’s tradition: `This ummah shall have 12 custodians’.

- The Holy Qur’an in the view of traditions and historical records.

- Al-Bida’ (change in an earlier divine ruling).

- The Temporary Marriage in Islam.

- A Study on compulsion and delegation, fate and destiny.

- The Infallibility of the Prophets and Messengers.

- Developing the building of the Prophets’ tombs.

- The Holy Qur’an and the traditions of the Two Schools (Studying the traditions of the Caliphs’ school).

- The Holy Qur’an and the traditions of the Two Schools (Studying the traditions of Ahlul Bayt’s school).

- Teaching Islam.

- The Rules of Islam.

- Some Selected Du`as.

- The researches of the two schools regarding the companionship and Imamate.

- The researches of the two schools in the Islamic shar’ah references.

- The uprising of Imam Husayn (s.a.) and the reviving of the Holy Prophet’s sunnah.

- The Hadiths of Ummul Mu’mineen Ayisha - studying her Traditions - vol.II.

- Abdullah Ibn Saba’ and other myths, vol.I.

- Abdullah Ibn Saba’ and other myths, vol.II.

- 150 forged companions - the companions of Tameem, vol.I.

- 150 forged companions - the companions of different tribes, vol.II.